Success stories of Palestinian achievers from all over the world

Said Ali Mansour al-Karmi

Said Ali Mansour al-Karmi

Sector : Science, Scientists

Personal Info

  • Country of residence: Palestine
  • Gender: Male
  • Born in: 1852
  • Age: 171
  • Curriculum vitae :


Said Ali Mansour al-Karmi (born in 1852 in Tulkarm - died on March 10 , 1935 in Tulkarm ), [6] a Palestinian politician and scholar, one of the pioneers of the contemporary Arab renaissance , and one of the pioneers of the Arab national movement , [7] he was a jurist in religion and language, and a poet A man of letters and fluent in rhetoric, he assumed the portfolio of the Ministry of Justice and Endowments in the governments of the Emirate of Transjordan , and was one of the eight founders of the Arab Scientific Academy in Damascus in 1919 , and he held the position of president of the academy . He was sentenced to death during the reignJamal Pasha , then amended to life imprisonment.

Origin and life

Saeed Ali Mansour al-Karmi was born in the city of Tulkarm in Palestine in 1852. He received his education in the schools of his city , Tulkarm [8] [9] Then he joined the Al-Azhar Mosque in Egypt , where he obtained the international certificate , which is the highest scientific degree, [10] and graduated as a scholar of the language Arabic and the Islamic religion. [10]
After that, Al-Karmi returned to Tulkarm , and joined the teaching corps, then he was appointed inspector of knowledge in Tulkarem , [11] and then became the Mufti of Tulkarm , [12] and became one of the most prominent sheikhs of knowledge in Palestine . 

He established an association for the Ottoman Decentralization Party in Tulkarem and took over its leadership in his city and the whole of Palestine, [14] which prompted the Ottoman authorities to arrest him and transfer him to the Damascus Citadel prison , and in 1916 sentenced him to death. age, [15]He replaced the death sentence with life imprisonment, of which he spent two years and nine months in prison. [16] Where he was released in February 1918 after the defeat of the Turks and their withdrawal from the region, [11] Al-Karmi immediately returned to Tulkarm . 

When the Kingdom of Syria was formed in October 1918 , Al-Karmi was invited to Damascus , [18] and there he participated in the establishment of the Arab Scientific Academy in 1919 , and was appointed vice-president of the academy . [19] Al-Karmi continued to do so until his retirement from the Synod and his return to the city of Tulkarm in 1922 .

After his return from Damascus to Tulkarem , [15] the Arab government in the Emirate of Transjordan invited him to participate in it, [15] Saeed Al-Karmi participated with Ahmed Hilmi Abdel-Baqi , both of them from the city of Tulkarem , in a number of these governments, [20] [21] so he became Saeed Al-Karmi Minister of Awqaf, Justice and Judiciary in each of the first government of Ali Reda Al-Rikabi in 1922 , the second government of Mazhar Raslan in 1923 , the first government of Hassan Khaled Abu Al-Huda in the same year, and the second government of Ali Reda Al-Rikabi from 1924 to 1926; [22] He retired from government positions, and returned to his home city of Tulkarem in 1926 , [23] and remained there until his death in 1935 .

Al-Karmi founded the Jordanian Academy of the Arabic Language on July 17 , 1923 [3] and was elected president of the Academy, in conjunction with his participation in Mazhar Raslan's second government . [25] He also participated in founding the Palestinian National Defense Party in December 1934 , [26] and before that he participated in the first Palestinian conference in February 1919 , and the Syrian General Conference in June 1919 .

Personal life

His father is Sheikh Ali bin Mansour Al-Karmi . Saeed Al-Karmi is married and has a number of children, including: the linguist Hassan Al-Karmi , the politician Abd Al-Ghani Al-Karmi , the poet Abd Al-Karim Al-Karmi , the writer Ahmed Shaker Al-Karmi , and the writer Mahmoud Al-Karmi .

His writings

Despite his preoccupation with politics and government positions, [28] he published several books, the most important of which are:
The book “Wathih al-Burhan fi al-radd ala ahl al-faghtan,” [7] in 1875 . [23]
The book “Information with the Meanings of the Flags”, [29] in 1921 . [17]


Saeed Al-Karmi was decorated with a number of decorations [30] , most notably:
The Mejedi Ottoman Medal . [30]
The French Legion of Honor, with the rank of knight , from the French mandate in Syria, in appreciation of him and his efforts in the Arab Scientific Academy , [31] and he was decorated with the medal in a large special ceremony in the lobby of the Government House in Damascus , [32] on September 1, 1921 , [33] The ceremony was attended by senior statesmen and scholars, [34] and what was mentioned in the French text for awarding the medal: “The person of Saeed Al-Karmi deserves our respect and consideration, so she called on the government of the French Republic to imitate this respected scholar as a proof of this love .[35] [36]
The Hijazi High Independence Medal of the First Class , from the Hashemite Kingdom of Hijaz , and it was awarded to him by Sharif Al-Hussein bin Ali in Makkah Al-Mukarramah , in 1922 . [37]
The Jordanian Order of Independence of the first degree , as the Emir of the Emirate of Transjordan Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein visited Al-Karmi’s house in the city of Tulkarm on September 15 , 1931 , and decorated him with the medal. [38]
Saeed bin Ali Al-Karmi.

his death

Saeed Al-Karmi died in his city of Tulkarem on March 10 , 1935 [ 39] at the age of 83, [6] and was buried in the city. [40]


In memory of Saeed Al-Karmi and his contributions, a street in the Jordanian capital, Amman , was named after him . [41] [42]



Achievements and Awards

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