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Ibn Qudamah

Личная информация

  • Страна местожительства: Palestine
  • Пол: Male
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Imam Mawaffaq ad-Din Abdullah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi was a noted Islamic scholar of the Hanbali madhhab, author of many treatises of Hanbali jurisprudence and doctrine, including al-Mughni (the most widely known textbook of Hanbali fiqh) as well as Tahrim an-Nazar (Censure of Speculative Theology, criticism of Ibn Aqil's rationalist views.) He was born in Palestine, and died in Damascus.

He was Muwaffaq ad-Deen Abu Muhammad 'Abd Allaah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Qudaamah Ibn Miqdaam Ibn Nasr Ibn 'Abdillaah al-Maqdisee, who later became ad-Dimashqi, as-Saalihee.

He was born in Palestine in Sha'aban 1147AD/541AH. He memorized the Qur'an at an early age, studying its sciences and was known to have nice handwriting. At the age of ten his family moved to Damascus, where he memorized the Qur'an in addition to an abridged form of Al-Kharqi (a Hanbali book of Fiqh).

He left with his cousin, 'Abd al-Ghani, for Baghdad in 561AH and met Abdul-Qadir Gilani shortly before he died. They stayed at his school, learning from him as well as from other scholars and students of knowledge of that time such as Abu-al-Faraj ibn Al-Jawzi, Hibat-ullaah Ibn Al-Hasan Ad-Daqaq, Abi'l Fath Ibn Al-Battee, Abi Zur'ah Ibn Tahir, Yahya Ibn Thabit, Khadeejah An-Nahrawaniyah and others.

He also studied with the following scholars of his time:

Abi al-Makarim ibn Hilal (Syria)
Abi al-Fadl at-Tusi (Iraq)
Al-Mubarak ibn at-Tabbakh (Mecca)
In later life, Ibn Qudamah left Damascus to join Saladin in his expedition against the Franks in 1187AD / 573AH, participating particularly in Saladin's conquest of Jerusalem. He died on Saturday, the Day of Eed-ul Fitr on 7 July 1223 AD / 620 AH.

Some of the Scholars that were influenced by him are:

Ibn Taymiyya (hanbali school, a century later)
al-Jamal Abu Musa ibn al-Hafidh
Ibn Khaleel
Ibn an-Najjaar
Ash-Shams ibn Kamal
Zaynab bint al-Wasitee


Достижения и награды

His works are thought to number more than a few dozen. Amongst his printed works are:

On Fiqh:

- Al-Mughnee
- Al-Kaafi
- Al-'Uddah
- Al-'Umdah
- Al-Muqn'a

On 'Aqeedah:

- Lum'at-ul-'Itiqaad: translated by Saladin Publishing
- Al-Qadar
- Dhamm-ut-Ta'weel
- al-Uloow

On Usool-ul-Fiqh:

- Raudat-un-Naadhir On Raqaa'iq


- Al-Ruqqah wal-Bukaa
- At-Tawwaabeen

On Hadith:

- Mukhtasar 'Ilal-ul-Hadith Lil-Khilaal

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